➣ Post-Traumatic Growth Inventory
The American Psychological Association (APA) uses a Post-Traumatic Growth Inventory to assess changes sustained after life-altering events. The scale is useful in assessing a person’s relationship to any event, even if it’s not traumatic. The APA identifies life-altering events as: loss of a loved one, chronic or acute illness, violent or abusive crime, accident or injury, disaster, job loss, financial hardship, career or location change/move, change in family responsibility, divorce, retirement, combat, and other.
After a life-altering event, the American Psychological Association identifies five categories of change in a person. These can be measured on a 0-5 scale. The categories of change include: relating to others, new possibilities, personal strength, spiritual change, and appreciation of life. These are the statements about possible changes that a person self-evaluates:
- I changed my priorities about what is important in life.
- I have a greater appreciation for the value of my own life.
- I developed new interests.
- I have a greater feeling of self-reliance.
- I have a better understanding of spiritual matters.
- I more clearly see that I can count on people in times of trouble.
- I established a new path for my life.
- I have a greater sense of closeness with others.
- I am more willing to express my emotions.
- I know better that I can handle difficulties.
- I am able to do better things with my life.
- I am better able to accept the way things work out.
- I can better appreciate each day.
- New opportunities are available which wouldn’t have been otherwise.
- I have more compassion for others.
- I put more effort into my relationships.
- I am more likely to try to change things which need changing.
- I have a stronger religious faith.
- I discovered that I’m stronger than I thought I was.
- I learned a great deal about how wonderful people are.
- I better accept needing others.
After a traumatic experience, each of the above statements is answered using a 0 to 5 scale:
0 = I did not experience this change as a result of my crisis.
1 = I experienced this change to a very small degree as a result of my crisis.
2 = I experienced this change to a small degree as a result of my crisis.
3 = I experienced this change to a moderate degree as a result of my crisis.
4 = I experienced this change to a great degree as a result of my crisis.
5 = I experienced this change to a very great degree as a result of my crisis.